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Making the Most of Special Education Programs

If your child has been found eligible for special education services, you want to ensure they get the most effective support possible. With the right preparations and advocacy, parents can optimize their child’s individualized education program (IEP). Here are tips to help make the most of your child’s special ed services.

Get Organized

Gather all information related to your child’s needs and current abilities. This includes medical records, evaluations, therapy reports, notes from doctors and teachers. Stay organized with a binder or digital folder. Having details readily available will assist at IEP meetings.

Understand the Special Ed Process

Learn all you can about the process, your rights, and the requirements schools must meet under IDEA. Resources like, Wrightslaw and the National Center for Learning Disabilities help demystify the system. Know timelines and when to request an evaluation or IEP review.

Define Goals

Think about specific, measurable goals you want to see in your child’s IEP. What life, learning or social skills do they need to develop? Consult therapists, doctors and evaluates to help define appropriate goals. Outline goals ahead of the IEP meeting.

Request Key Accommodations

Consider accommodations that will allow your child to access curriculum and meet goals. Extended time, assistive technology, modified assignments, and behavior supports are common accommodations. Provide written input on accommodations you feel are essential.

Coordinate with Service Providers

Make sure all providers work as a team. Give permission to allow communication between them, therapists, school staff and doctors to coordinate strategies. Ask them to attend IEP meetings for insight.

Track Progress

Monitor progress on IEP goals throughout the year. Review work samples, data sheets, therapy updates and report cards for signs of improvement or decline. If progress stalls, call an IEP review to explore new strategies before the annual review.

Learn Your Rights

Know that you can bring an advocate to meetings, request an evaluation at any time, and appeal decisions. Understand options if you disagree with the school, like mediation and due process. Resources at sites like Parents Helping Parents explain rights in detail.

Anticipate Transition Needs

For teens nearing graduation, discuss plans to help transition to adulthood, employment, college or vocational programs. Add goals and services to assist this transition. Consider job training, life skills classes, vocational rehabilitation services and more.

Document Everything

Keep detailed records related to your child’s education needs and progress, including emails, reports and meeting notes. Details will help resolve any disputes and illustrate that you acted reasonably.

Stay Positive but Persistent

Go into meetings assuming all want the best for your child, but don’t be afraid to insist on needs. Be confident yet positive. Listen to input from staff while politely advocating for your position and priorities.

Getting the most from an IEP requires vigilance and effort, but pays off for your child’s growth. Monitor progress, communicate frequently with the team, and don’t hesitate to request changes to ensure your child’s IEP maximizes their potential. With your diligent advocacy, they can access supports to help them thrive.

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